Benefics/ Malefics

In order to ascertain the benefic/ malefic nature of a planet:-

    • We look at the functional nature of planets as explained in an article before and repeated here for reference –

Functional Nature of planets

  • General Nature of planets is important though Functional Nature above will take the front seat always. General Nature is-
    Benefics- Jupiter, Venus, Bright or Waxing Moon & Well associated Mercury
    Malefics – Saturn, Rahu, Ketu, Mars, Sun, Ill associated Mercury and Weak/ dark Moon
  • Dignity of planets as explained in detail before. Strong planets are Benefic whereas Weak planets give problems related to areas of life they rule in the horoscope along with their general characteristics. Example if Sun is weak and rules 10th house, it will damage not just career/ job (10th) but also general things it signifies (from list before) like father, government etc.
  • Planets sitting in Kona (1, 5, 9) will improve their already existing nature and planets in 6, 8 or 12th bhaavs will worsen their nature
  • Even though this topic is already discussed in detail before, it is important to note that many other things can help quantify the actual nature of planets involved. Just to give you a taste of quantifiable factors, take a look at the example below. Again this much detail is not required as of now, much of this will become intuitive with experience, but a peek into the possibilities is shown as below (quantified in a spread sheet)
  • In this analysis one can consider factors like – Type of Nakshatra or star (lunar asterism), functional nature of depositing star, functional nature of depositing sign, generic nature of depositing star, generic nature of depositing sign, positions in various divisionals especially D9, aspects from natural or functional benefics & malefics etc.

The example is same horoscope you have seen in some other examples –

Chart example


Quantifying the Benefic/ Malefic Nature of planets –

Benefic Malefic Analysis

Results are as below (average score is about 14 where the straight line is). Higher the score, more benefic the planet will be in its Dasa periods-

Benefic malefic chart


65 Responses to Benefics/ Malefics

  1. Sundar says:

    Hello VS: Does any software give the above numbers? JHora has Vimsopaka bala, but that does not take into account the functional nature. The above table seems to take everything into account (generic, functional, including the Vimsopaka bala factors); seems the most comprehensive to me. Please advice. Many thanks.

    • VS says:

      Hi Sundar

      There is no software that will do this. This was done by me in an excel in order to explain to students online. Unfortunately, at least at this stage, no one has this.

      If you understand this well, you are getting ahead of most contemporary astrologers

  2. Sundar says:

    Hello VS:
    With regard to FM planets sitting in Upachya houses and the gradually improving effects..Is this applicable to the D-9 chart and other div charts also?

    Thank you.

  3. Arpit says:

    In some other books and blogs, I find Moon mentioned as Functional Malefic for Leo Asc. However, in the first image on this page, you have mentioned Moon as Friend for Leo Asc. Am I misinterpreting any thing here?

    Also, loved the excel tool? I was also trying to make something like this? Mine is a very elementary one, yours is much more detailed.

    • VS says:

      12th lord is a functional neutral. Since Moon and Sun are friends and 12th is the only house moon rules, it will remain overall friendly for the Leo ascendant. These ascendants have similar planetary benefics and malefics – mars as yoga karaka and saturn, venus and mercury as functional malefics

      if moon is placed well in the horoscope for a leo lagna meaning bright and preferably waxing with good shadbal, it will be a full benefic.

  4. Jo says:

    Hi VS,

    First of all, many thanks on your wonderful blog, and the knowledge you share so willingly with us. Often times, when I have doubts about something, I’ll go check your blog to see if you said anything about my question.
    So, here’s one…In many texts I have read so far, there seems to be a lack of agreement when it comes to functional malefics/benefics related to Taurus Lagna, namely Venus. In your opinion, is Venus a benefic planet for Taurus Lagna, since it does rule the 1st and the 6th house? I see you put it as a “neutral” planet in your chart. However, if I am not mistaken, for Scorpio Lagna Parashara puts Mars as a benefic even though it rules the 1st and the 6th. I am confused…

    • VS says:

      Hi Jo,

      Thanks for the kind words

      Technical take on this – A general malefic owning a Kendra loses its benefic nature and a general malefic owning a Kendra loses its malefic nature

      Owner of 6th is usually always negative to some extent. But if the other house it owns is a trikon (1,5,9) then the actual nature becomes mixed as 1,5,9 are always functionally benefic

      so it boils down to significations (karakatwas) of planets. 6th house and mars have an overlapping karakatwa of accidents, injury/ surgery, litigation and enmity/ competition. Generally negative things. Mars ruling or sitting in 6th will activate these. So mars remains a dicey planet, capable of producing some yoga but also injury and sickness for scorpio ascendant

      venus does not have much overlap with 6th house general character. Hence when it rules both 1st and 6th, it will tend to give more effects of 1st and hence benefic but with some evil touch due to 6th. So in my experience neutral

      • Jo says:


        Thank you for your response…As you can imagine, my question had somewhat of an ulterior motive, since I am Taurus lagna. I started Venus Dasha 3 years ago, and so far haven’t had any spectacular events to report. Granted, there are 17 more years left, and I was hoping they won’t all be 6th house related (interestingly, I started studying law, which could be interpreted as a 6th house matter, and will be finishing in 3 months).

  5. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For a Capricorn ascendant, Saturn is also lord of marakasthana. Saturn is placed in Pisces.
    For the above D-1, if Jupiter is placed in the 3rd house in D-9 (Capricorn ascendant virgottam) is Jupiter in maraksthana?

  6. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    Can a functional benefic posited in the 7th house in D-1 become a maraka in its antar dasha (MD Rahu)?

  7. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For an Aquarius asc, Moon is a functional malefic. If it is sitting in Leo, conjunct Jupiter which is also a FM due to Kendriyadipati dosha. To add, the 7th lord Sun (F-neutral) is sitting in the 6th house; I see a not-so-good parivartan between 6th and 7th lords. This is not a particularly good position for Jupiter especially for a female, am I correct?

  8. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    Can Jupiter “afflict” the moon ever ? What if it is a functional malefic and aspecting/conjuncting moon? Or any other scenario..


    • VS says:

      for cancer ascendant if jupiter and moon together in saggitarius, moon can cause accidents and sickness in this scenario

      • Sundar says:

        Moon is asc lord, Jupiter in own house..could you shed more light on why?

        • VS says:

          because jupiter MK sign is 6th of accidents/ ill health and moon as ascendant lord is denoting health and the person
          combining in the 6th bhaav they will do both good and bad

          • Sundar says:

            Thanks VS. if Jupiter was a functional benefic (it is neutral in this case) would that take Jupiter’s negative influence out of the equation? Or is that Jupiter in its MK tends to participate in the good and bad outcomes of the bhaav in combination with other planets?

          • VS says:

            nothing is really out or cancelled. in astrology both good and bad can exist at the same time as they can in real life

  9. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For Taurus asc, is moon a functional malefic (3rd house lord)? Krishna Paksha in UttarabhadraPada at 7 degrees, conjuct Ketu at 14 degress, ascendant is 10 degrees.

    • VS says:

      its a functional neutral. tends to give negative results, especially for health

      • Sundar says:

        Moon –> Venus is only neutral, not a friend; so how does the 3rd lord (moon), a FM, become a neutral? I am asking from my understanding of your answer to “Saturn for Cancer asc” and “Sun for Pisces asc”, both below. In these 2 cases, one is a perm- enemy and the other is a perm- friend.

        Related: Venus is lord of 6th and in its MK; is it because it is the lord? If true, can the asc lord ever be a FM?

        Thank you.

        Thank you.

        • VS says:

          Don’t get too hung up on the exact nature of each planet. It will get modified in the horoscope as per the placement, aspects, dignity and divisionals of the planet

          Venus will remain benefic for Taurus in the materialistic way, but can give bad health even if slightly afflicted. Same for mars for scorpio rising. Planet ruling lagna will always tend to give positive results if placed well
          moon and sun, will never become outright malefics for any lagna. they act negatively when dark, placed in dusthanas, very close to Rahu or Ketu or Saturn. So a well placed moon for Taurus lagna will give good results and a bad placed moon for cancer rising will give bad results as well

  10. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For a cancer acs, Saturn being the lord of a Kendra makes it F-neutral , I thought. You have listed it as a FM; is it due to the 8-th house lordship that tilts it towards being a FM? Related question: If a FM occupies its own house, does it make a difference?

    Thank you.

    • VS says:

      it is a malefic due to its enmity towards moon. any planet in its own house becomes much better in the horoscope

  11. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For Pisces asc, I thought Sun is a F-malefic (6th lord). You have it as neutral; why? Thanks.

    • VS says:

      sun will remain a generic malefic but functional neutral in terms of career/ finances etc
      it will be functionally negative in terms of health only

      since sun and jupiter are mutual friends, sun does not become a full fledged F malefic for pisces

  12. c2c says:

    Hello –

    Thanks for the education materials.

    I am using the above spreadsheet as a road map to educate myself with the fundamentals.

    I have just started the journey and I am in ‘Row 1’ i.e. Natural Benefic and Natural Malefic.

    I have two questions.
    1) With the exception of Moon and Mercury, I have assumed the natural benefics and malefics stay the same for all signs regardless of ascendant.

    2) With regard to mercury, how does one make the conclusion that their mercury is well associated or ill associated. The chart I am using to for this exercise, has Sun and Mercury in the 6th house from the gemini ascendant in the sign of Scorpio. Since it was in conjunction with the sun I thought it could be ill associated but then when I looked at your example I see the Mercury is in the 6th chart with the Sun and you had pegged that as a natural benefic. Any pointers on how to conclude whether mercury is a well associated or ill associated one?

    • VS says:

      natural malefic/ benefic will be the same for all lagnas that’s correct. only the functional nature changes as per the lagna

      typically a mercury too close to the sun (within 6 degrees) is weak and malefic. Also if mercury is conjunct or aspected by Jupiter or venus, it becomes a natural benefic and malefic if conjunct or close aspected by mars, Saturn, rahu or ketu

      only sun conjunction does not make it malefic. But it should be more than 8 degrees from sun to remain unafflicted.

  13. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    If a functional benefic in good dignity sits in 3,6,8,11,12 does it do good to the house? Also, how about partculary the 11th?
    I am asking this F-malefics sitting in 3,6,8,12 is considered good on Upachya basis (is the 11th included here?)

  14. Sundar says:

    For a leo asc, currently holding a high position: he has Rahu/Sun in the 10th (work). I am seeing the transit today. Sun is in the 10th, retrograde Jupiter is in 2nd (speech). This official is blurting out stuff that could jeopardize his job.
    The dasa is Jupiter.
    Any comments?

    • VS says:

      astrology can not be done like this. its not a mockery, unless thats your intent of making out of it

      its like going to a doctor, not letting any tests done, giving 5% info and saying i have a headache, this means I have a tumor right, can you confirm.

      • Sundar says:

        Not at all VS. I am sorry if I came across like that. If I could shorten my question (which I should have), I meant “Can a vakri Jupiter transiting over the 2nd house of speech which is its natal position exacerbate wisdom issues and make one speak untruth?
        The vakri part is the soul of the question.

        • VS says:

          typically when Jupiter associates with mercury as per sign or conjunction, the morals can sometimes be mercurial or shifty
          its because by nature, mercury is like a kid. doesn’t mean harm, but easily changes direction. Hence a retro Jupiter in a mercurial sign of speech can make for sudden and unpredictable speech patterns

  15. Veena says:

    Hi VS,
    In your quantification what is the Temporal friend column?
    My understanding is Natural Benefic/Malefic(by nature of the planet in general), Functional Benefic/Malefic(based on the house the planet owns for each ascendant) and Temporal Friend(based on position in individual chart)

    For a Scorpio asc, if Saturn is a temporal friend wrt all planets(based on its placement in natal chart wrt other planets). How is this saturn taken into account?
    (wrt sun/moon/mars it becomes neutral)


    • VS says:

      temporary friendship is as per placement.
      planets placed 3-11, 2-12 and 4-10 from each other are temporary friends. Other placements are temporary enemies

      • Veena says:

        Ok. I guess I am not sure about what your functional friend means(is it the compound(functional+temp) relationship or just functional based on asc).
        Might need a data dictionary to understand your excel, but thank you for posting it. And hope you can update this post with more detail. Eg How lordship benefic for saturn gets 3 points or venus gets 2.

        • VS says:

          compound = temporary + permanent relationship
          temporary is good when planets 3-11, 4-10 or 2-12
          permanent relations are self implicit – example Saturn venus friends, Saturn sun enemies etc

          the combination of these 2 is a compound relationship. that’s all

  16. Sundar says:

    For matrimony matching, I heard that if the either’s lagna or Rasi is 6,8,12 from the other, it should be avoided. Is this true? If true, why?

    • VS says:

      signs/ rashis which are in dusthana to a given rashi will tend to block and obstruct the energies of the sign. hence if 2 people have such signs, they will tend to be opposing each other a lot in day to day life

      however this is just one of the consideration and not the complete analysis in itself.

      • Sundar says:

        Thanks Vivek. I know you don’t miss out on good opportunities to help when most required.

      • Sundar says:

        I have also heard that 7th Rasis for Cancer and Leo rasis/Lagnas do not match due to Moon-Saturn and Sun-Saturn enemity? I wonder if the former is true since Moon has no enemies and it’s a one way enemity..

        • VS says:

          moon – saturn relation is better than sun- saturn as in former one is neutral, one is enemy. in latter both are enemies to each other
          regardless, the effects are bad in both as saturn represents darkness and the luminaries by definition are representing light

  17. Sundar says:

    Does the 4th planet (or lord?) from the moon have a maraka functionality? If yes, why?

    Thank you.

  18. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    For a Scorpio asc The JHora author considers Saturn a FN based in ownership of 3rd and 4th. You take into account the relationship that Saturn has to the asc lord which is inimical, so FN + enemy becomes a FM.
    I realize that there exists differences in opinion between astrologers; however, since both authors take BPHS as the main source, why the difference?


    • VS says:

      Yes different texts and astrologers have varying opinions. I go by actual real life experience of 1000s of horoscopes. I feel that the only way to be more accurate is by observations of real case studies as opposed to pure text. Does not mean that text is any less important. However once text has been mastered to some extent, case studies should dictate real world results

      Saturn for scorpio can give materialistic gains but is bad for the health and longevity for a scorpio ascendant. But all depends on the placement, dignity and aspects on saturn

      • Mayur Kher says:

        I was going through Rodden rating AA list, visited more than 25 pages of some Indian celebrities in different field, but could find only couple of AA rating charts, there are lots of charts with AA rating of foreign personalities, but I don’t know anything about their life & work, so can you kindly lead me to some source where I will find authentic data of Indian personalities by which I can study their Horoscopes and relate to incidences of their life.

        • VS says:

          India or foreign doesn’t matter. Any known personality in any field is a case study. you can find event dates on them on the same rodden rating page. in addition you can just google them and go to their Wikipedia page to find relevant dates of top events in their life. Match them with their horoscope to see how planets and dasas/ transits behave

          great start by you and keep going!

  19. Robert says:

    Can you please clarify what are natural benefic signs? Thank you.

    • VS says:

      Signs owned by natural benefics are benefic signs – owned by Jupiter and Venus
      if Mercury is well placed and well aspected in the chart then Virgo and Gemini become beneficial signs as well. similarly a bright/ well placed moon becomes a benefic in the chart and hence Cancer becomes a benefic sign in such a situation.

  20. Digamber Purohit says:

    Hello VS Sir, you said above in reply to Sundar that Saturn for Scorpio ascendant is bad: “Saturn for scorpio can give materialistic gains but is bad for the health and longevity for a scorpio ascendant. But all depends on the placement, dignity and aspects on saturn”.

    Can you please clarify under what circumstances / placements it is bad? Which houses it must be in to be bad for health and longevity? I read that for Scorpio, as it rules 3rd and 4th (sukhasthana) houses, may give rajyoga in specific cases. I also read that if Saturn is debilitated i.e. in 6th house of Mars for Scorpio, it is also rajyoga – is this true?

    • VS says:

      Saturn being a natural malefic and a mortal enemy of lagna lord mars is going to always negatively impact scorpio lagna individual’s health if Saturn impacts the lagna or lagnesh. Mars as lagna lord is also an evil planet as its Mooltrikona is in the 6th bhaav. any combination of Saturn and mars in this lagna can give road/ vehicular accidents that can be very severe as well

  21. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    Why is Saturn a maraka planet for a Scorpio asc?

    • VS says:

      As Saturn is a natural marak (killer) and owning 3rd house, it becomes evil. In scorpio lagna, ruled by its arch enemy Mars, it can give material assets and property due to being 4th lord but will cause ill health and sudden evil effects

  22. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    When a natural benefic becomes a FM due to KAD and in case-2 it is due to owning the 6th and 11th, is the level of damage to the significations the same?


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