Analyzing Basics – II

NOTE – All material here is completely in my words, Please feel free to reproduce with permission and not otherwise. (click on pictures to see them bigger) Thanks!

7) Aspects

This is vital. Every planet aspects the house exactly opposite to it or in other words the 7th house. The exact aspect is at a point 180 degrees from the planet. Example Mercury in Virgo at 17 degrees will aspect Pisces. More specifically Pisces at 17 degrees but to some extent the entire sign of Pisces. As a rule, as you learn to see aspects, try to mentally keep the aspect to + and – 5 degrees from exact aspect. This implies that the above Mercury will aspect Pisces between 17+5 and 17-5 or between 12 and 22 degrees most strongly. For Sun take +/- 10 degrees

An aspect means the planet will have an effect in that area like a PARTIAL presence in that area as opposed to actually being deposited in that spot. Also if in the above example say Jupiter sits in Pisces at 12 degrees, then you can say that Mercury – Jupiter are aspecting each other and hence forming sort of a combination. They will affect each other both functionally and generically. That means say mercury is in virgo in 9th and Jupiter hence in 3rd house in pisces. Mercury owns and sits in the house of knowledge, education etc and also a significator of it. Likewise Jupiter sits in 3rd house of communication and action. In this case mercury rules 6th and 9th house and Jupiter rules 3rd and 12th houses. SO 3,6,9 and 12 houses are related this is Functional relation (what planets rule) and the Generic relation is the general characteristics of Jupiter and Mercury are now related. So since both represent reading/ writing/ education etc, they will increase each other’s effect in that area or work together so to speak.

So all planets aspect the 7th house. Some planets aspect other houses as following-

Mars – aspects 4th, 7th and 8th

Saturn – aspects 3rd, 7th and 10th

Jupiter – aspects 5th,7th and 9th

Rahu & Ketu aspect 5th and 9th from their respective positions.

8) Exchanges

When two planets sit in each other’s houses, its called a Sign interchange. Example in the above case say Jupiter was in Virgo and Mercury in Pisces. They are now sitting in each others signs. Astrological significance is that they get heavily related to each other and merge each other’s qualities together. Also the houses get heavily related to each other in this case. They sort of ‘work together’ and in tandem and none wants to destroy the other’s house as it knows the other planet is in its house (good way to think about it)

Then can be Nakshatra (lunar asterism) interchange called as ‘Sookshama’ interchange. This works only in each other’s dasas (we haven’t talked about Dasas or planetary periods yet, so this is beyond the scope right now). But the above point of sign exchange is very important. In some way when 2 planets interchange signs, they are ‘sort of’ actually sitting in their own respective houses for predictive purposes and hence tend to give good results

9) Think of Planet Karakatvas

Already discussed before. When you see a planet, think of what it represents and what is COMMON in the house and planet. The common part will show results floridly depending on dignity and strength of planet.

Example in Capricorn ascendant Jupiter rules 12th house and 3rd house. Now 12th among other things = foreign journeys etc. Say Jupiter sits in 9th house in Virgo. Now this Jupiter will not only give effects of 12th and 3rd house in 9th but also think Jupiter = guru, religion, higher education, Luck/ destiny and 9th house also represents Luck, guru, destiny etc. So Jupiter in 9th will give results of both.

Below is a table I compiled to help you think. This is not comprehensive but is a very good starting point to help you in learning-

Karakatvas of planets

10) Positive/ Negative Houses

Trying to summarize a very vast topic in a few points below-

  • As I mentioned before 1,5,9 are lucky and good/ auspicious houses
  • 1,4,7 and 10 are Kendra or central houses and good
  • 11th house is house of gain and generally any planet in 11th is good
  • 6,8 and 12 are negative houses and cause delay, pain, agony and blockages/ endings, debts etc.
  • 3rd house is relatively neutral but tending to negative in results
  • Rulers of 3, 6 and 11th houses can be Evil in their results even if on surface the results don’t look evil, they have a predisposition to do damage
  • Rulers of 2nd house and 12th house will give the result of the other house they rule as these are Neutral houses. If the house is of Sun or Moon (leo or cancer) then the planet owns just one house. In this case the place where sun or moon sit and the planets they sit close to, they give the effects of those planets more (like Rahu and Ketu the shadow planets do)
  • A generic Malefic Planet owning a Kendra loses its negativity (generic Malefics are – Saturn, Mars, Sun & Rahu/ Ketu). A generic benefic planet ruling a Kendra loses its benefic nature (Jupiter, Venus, Moon & Mercury) unless it also own a Kona house (1,5 or 9th)
  • Lagna lord or ascendant lord is always auspicious
  • Planets good in Shadbala and other dignities protect the houses they rule and weak planets give problems in the areas of houses they rule
  • When a planet rules both a Kona (1,5 or 9th) and Kendra (1,4,7 and 10th) it becomes a Yoga Karaka or a planet that does extremely good
  • Mercury and Moon are impressionable planets. Even though they are generally considered Benefic by general nature, they give results as per their association. If mercury sits with benefics Jupiter and/ or venus, it will be benign. If it sits with Saturn, Mars, Rahu/ Ketu it becomes malefic in nature too. Moon is good when far from sun and Waxing and negative when its dark (close to the sun) darkest is when its a no Moon night, brightest on full moon when moon is 180 degress away from Sun
  • When a planet owns 2 houses, the one which is the MK (Mooltrikona) sign is to be given more importance.
  • Ruler of 2nd house and 7th house is a Maraka or Killer planet as it has potential to end the life (being 12th to 3rd and 8th house respectively which are houses representing the life force in an individual). Keep in mind a Maraka planet can still give other gains and riches in life as per its aspects, strengths and placement etc. But it will still have the potential to kill. however if this planet also rules a Kona house (1,5 or 9th) it loses it potential to kill to a large extent as 5th and 9th are highly benefic houses.
  • A planet ruling only 8th or 12th and no other sign (which can happen when Sun or Moon) rule these generally negative houses, will become Neutral in its functionality
  • Combining all rules above, you will notice that Saturn/ Venus/ Mercury/ Rahu form one subgroup and Mars/ Sun/ Moon/ Jupiter/ Ketu the other group as per natural friendships and rulerships as follows-

11) Planet Functionality Chart (Important!)

This is for quick reference. Again keep in mind, this is just as per rulership and hence if Venus is good for Capricorn ascendant, its good for all of them. But in an individual horoscope, depending on where Venus is placed and its strength/ aspects and dignities, the results will be modified of course-


Functional Nature of planets

28 Responses to Analyzing Basics – II

  1. bala says:

    Why you didn’t put Venus in your significations table?

  2. Dinesh Maini says:

    Whether degrees (trailing or leading) of more than one planet in a house/sign has a bearing on functionality/strength of these planets?

    • VS says:

      Hi Dinesh

      the degrees are most vital. Firstly any Yoga is more powerful when the planets are within an 8 to 10 degree difference. The less the better. Beyond 15, the Yoga will not manifest or barely manifest

      Some of my fellow astrologers, like Kapiel Raj, are of the opinion that the lower degree planet ‘controls’ the higher longitude planet. I have not seen this in my researches.
      What is important to look for is the dipositors of the yoga causing planets in terms of rasi, nakshatra and navamsa at the minimum. The istha phala, shadbala and dignity of these dipositor planets are perhaps even more vital than the yoga causing planet themselves


  3. Cory says:

    Shouldn’t this include the Kendra aspects that any planet in a Kendra (1, 4, 7, 10) exerts locally on Kendras around it and anyone sitting in them? This is what I read somewhere. E.g. Jupiter sitting in Ascendant will exert Kendra aspects on 4, 7, 10 in addition to its 5, 7, 9 aspects. Thanks.

    • VS says:

      Hi Cory

      There are different schools of thought in astrology. In Jyotish and specifically in Parasari astrology, a planet exerts 75% influence in 4th from it, 100% in 7th from it and 25% in 10th from it (except Saturn that exerts 100% in 10th from it)

      There are also Jamini aspects (rashi aspects not planetary aspects). In this aspect system, planets sitting in a Dual sign – Gemini, virgo, saggi, pisces aspect planets in all other dual signs (which will be 4t, 7th and 10th from it) but this is true for only Dual signs and not the fixed or movable signs

      All that said, generally Kendra means centralized. When 2 planets are sitting in Kendra to each other, they are in a relative context in ‘important’ positions from each other and hence there will always be a strong presence each will feel about the other regardless of the aspects


  4. Sudhir Iswaravaka says:

    Talking about exchange of houses, can a planet be expected to give good results if after exchange gets debilitated, like for example Mercury and Venus exchanging houses and Venus getting debilitated. Is the Venus here expected to give good results.

    • VS says:

      no one factor (like debilitation) makes everything good or bad
      so yes venus can give good results if its placed well, owns good houses, in kendra or aspected by jupiter closely as an example

  5. Sundar says:

    I meant, regardless of strength, is sitting in badhak house bad?

  6. Sundar says:

    Hello VS:
    I have read that FB planets do well in Kendra and trines and FM planets do well in malefic houses. However, how do FB planets do in malefic houses? For example, Venus for a Aquarius ascendant sitting in the 6th house (with moon in the 7th, it is siting in a neutral house). Does it lose its good qualities or does it do good to the house?


    • VS says:

      FM do not do good in dusthanas except 6th house to some extent. They do good in 3,6,10,11

      venus is not neutral in the sign of cancer. It is afflicted as it considers moon as an enemy. 6th house is a weak position for venus unless the venus is exalted or own house, in which case it can give riches/ comforts in terms of material benefits. this doesn’t mean that venus is now suddenly a malefic. Just means that its ability to act as a yoga karaka is impaired to some extent. However if Saturn combines with it in 6th then it will give yoga effects, albeit with urinary/ kidney issues to the native and potential prostrate problems as well. such a venus can also give cataract and eye problems later in life

  7. Asaboveurania says:

    Namaste, VS!

    Thank you for your clear explanations. I notice have a lot of parivartana yogas in my chart, and some of the planetary partners are in mutual aspect with additional planets.
    It seems if I follow each of the mutual aspects or parivartanas from each of these planets, virtually my whole chart lights up with a transit to a single graha.

    Here’s an example: During Jupiter-Ketu dasa bhukti, Jupiter is in mutual aspect with Mars and in parivartana with Moon. Mars is in parivartana with Saturn, which conjuncts Rahu and forms a mutual aspect with Mercury conjunct Ketu. Moon is in mutual aspect with Venus. Venus is in parivartana with Mercury conjunct Ketu.

    This seems an awful lot of activity for one single transit! When I look at the houses ruled by these planets, the only house not involved in this transit is the fourth. I have a feeling I must not be looking at these aspects with the correct understanding. I would be grateful for your help in understanding how all these factors work together!

    • VS says:


      as i dont have your chart and do not do personal readings, its very hard to answer your question
      In general, focus only on the bhaav where a planet sits and tight (within 12 degrees) conjunctions and within 8 degrees aspect on the planet. These will dictate most of the results in tandem with Karakas of the relevant results

      • Sundar says:

        Sri VS:
        Does parivartana apply to transitting planets? I was thinking it is a yoga in the natal chart. Thank you.

        • VS says:

          does not really apply in transit. It does to a very mild sense if one knows the fine way to read it. but short answer is no, it doesnt

  8. gil says:

    Hi VS

    I did start learning in France but most vedic astrologer use SA system from VK Choudry.
    In your table of good/bad planets, i see there is some differences. I am virgo lagna and in the SA they give Saturn as bad for virgo lagna. I have noticed there are things happening and it is not undertandable when using strictly SA. What do you think of this system ?


    • VS says:

      That is incorrect. Most Vedic astrologers (over the globe, don’t know about France) do not use VK Chaudhary
      VK Chaudhary is a recent entry and his school of thought is not even 30 years old. Likewise anyone can develop a new school of thought which every student should read and test perhaps and use their own understanding as to what is correct or not.

      Blanket rules of MK sign in 6,8,12 makes a planet FM all else FB is not true in real life. Also he advocates that if a MK sign in 4th bhaav, that becomes most benefic planet of the chart has no astrological basis. just pure speculation or his own observation.

      I advise people to stick with the original astrology schools – Parasara, Jamini. Rest can be read much later when you have developed a sense of astrology. VK chaudhary, KP system etc to me have some good nuggets, but mostly they are just personal opinions of people and have nothing to do with real astrology

      • gil says:

        Tanks VS, this clarifies a bit. In fact, vedic astrology was introduced in France by Denis Labouré, he uses principaly VK Chaudhary. This is why it is an important stream in France. The first book in France about jyotish was written by him.

        I did experience his readings and honestly they are quite mistaking. I decided once a move to spain because my wife had a good oportunity there and i had been living there quite a bit of time in the past. I asked him a reading about it and as a result, he said the move was a very good oportunity for us. It was in end 2007 i suppose i don’t have to explain you how it finished after the 2008 crisis started. We found ourselves in a cataclysmic situation and had to go back to france in 2011. I did face also very big heart problems during this period but he did not see them comming ether.


        • VS says:

          I do not and can not comment on any individual or their astrological knowledge/ ability

          what I can say – astrology is primarily 2 types – GANIT (mathematical) and PHALIT (predictive). the Ganit part is very important to understand as it lays the foundation for any student of astrology. However I have seen that Phalit can only be learnt via brute force case studies, once you go through 100+ then 1000+ horoscopes in detail, matching yogas, dasas and transits to real life events that have already happened (past) you learn real astrology. Without this, if one tries to just cram up rules of x+y planet does this or that, it wont work

  9. Baskar says:

    Dear VS ji,

    I have one quick question along the same lines.

    BVRaman in his book ” How to judge a horoscope” declares Sun AND Mars to ge benefics for Aquarius Lagna. Coming from such a reputed person , I am puzzled.

    His logic I presume is Natural malefics owning Kendras..

    I thought they may behave “neutral” at best..but how come he is declaring them to be benefics??

    In your practical experience,

    • Baskar says:

      Sorry..typing from my behaves weird at times.


      In your experience where Sun and Mars act as benefics assuming they are placed well in Kendra / Trikona?

      If so, their aspects beneficial a functional benefic??

      Thanks much..

      • VS says:

        any functional benefic’s aspect is beneficial if the planet is placed well. any well placed planet is happy and any happy planet will have a beneficial gaze. thanks

    • VS says:

      Yes typically if a natural malefic owns a Kendra, it becomes positive and vice versa for natural malefics

      however this is very prelim. this is not BVR, it is taken from original Parasari thought process. Now take Capricorn lagna. Venus owns 10th as a natural benefic, does it become malefic? NO! it is infact the best planet and yoga karaka for makar lagna

      Now as a next step, note the mooltrikona sign of the planet and not the other sign. For aquarius, mk sign is 3rd not 10th. 3, 6, and 11 are evil houses in increasing order. if ever the MK sign of a planet owns 3 or 6 or 11, the planet becomes capable of causing evil to the native, even more so if naturally malefic. if it owns 2 of the houses 3 or 6 or 11 like mars for Gemini and venus for saggi, it becomes the most malefic planet. In real experience this planet has the highest disposition to kill (maraca) and cause evil. example mars sitting in aries for Gemini lagna becomes extremely toxic. on one hand it can give good income being in 11th but it will certainly lead to diseases of the blood, head/ brain, accidents and surgeries in life and sudden negative events involving fire/ violence etc.

      • Baskar says:

        Awesome explanation VS ji.. So, I understand , since Sun rules only one Kendra house becomes a benefic for Aquarius Lagna.

        However, with regard to Mars, since it’s MK house falls on the 3rd house it will still be functional malefic even though the other house is a Kendra.

        I presume that the Actual performance of this Mars needs to be fine tuned on a case by case basis . If this Mars is placed in dusthanas, it will still retain its propensity to do evil. However, if placed in Kendra or Trikona AND in its friend house, it behaves like a benefic.

        Am I understanding right?

        THANK YOU very much for teaching me….of course all of us .

        I truly appreciate your generosity . These answers will surely help other learners too.

        • VS says:

          actually even sun does not remain a full benefic for neither Taurus nor Aquarius. This is because in both these cases, sun remains a mutual enemy to the lagna lords (both way enemies)
          In Phalit Jyotish, a well placed sun for these can give benefic materialistic results for the 4th or 7th house siginfications but also simultaneously gives some friction/ stress/ trouble ongoing in those areas. So it is a benefic yes, but blemished to some extent. if placed in pisces or leo itself, it acts as a strong agent of death for Aquarius also

  10. Sundar says:

    Sri VS:
    If one is born in Krishna paksha, does Moon become a natural malefic? If true and it sends in a Kendra, does it become a functional neutral?

    • VS says:

      NO moon doesnt become a malefic like that. its bright for 120 degrees away from sun technically (waxing or waning side) No generic rules of kendra ownership etc can be applied. You have to see what chandra owns, aspects on it etc

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